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The Silent Way, by Mori Manjusri


        Silent way is a kind of method that focuses on action in the teaching and learning. This method is useful to help learner to express their language. The history of silent method was introduced by Caleb Gattegno (1963) with his book “Teaching Foreign Language in School:  the Silent Way book”. He is argued that technique to make extensive teaching is use with silent. With Caleb Gatteno explanation, the main characteristics of silent way is Imagestudent not able to speak in the teaching and learning process, but they must express it with action. Besides that, teacher’s intervention in the learning process is reduced, but all time is used by student to learning. To make successful implementation of silent method in the classroom, student and teacher must to know what their role in the silent way. The roles of teacher are as facilitator and as evaluator about student activities, to responsible for creating an education environment that promote student risk taking. However, the roles of student in the silent way are subject of learning and they are built an autonomously, indecency, and responsibility person.

      To apply this method to classroom activity, teacher can uses and apply models of silent way, such as a sound- color chart from English, a set of questionnaire word, and Fidel chart. Both of these models are having characteristics, usefulness, and also difference each other.

No

Model of Silent Way

Characteristics

Purposes

1

A sound- Color Chart from English

  • Student studying with sound system
  •  
  • To teach pronunciation and word  stress
  • To help student in spelling, reading, and pronunciation
 

2

Set of questionnaire word

  • Made from wooden
  • Have different lengths and color each other
  • To practice in color and number, and later to learn more complex grammar
  • To teach prepositions
 

3

Fidel chart for English

  • Consist of blocks color
  • Having 12 word chart  English (5000 words)
  • Use same color coding
  • List of various sound way can be spelled
  • To help student in pronunciation
  • To teach spelling
  • To provide student to practice making sound without relying on mechanical repetition
 

Source: Wikipedia

These is the real examples of model silent way.                

A sound- Color Chart from English   Set of questionnaire word         Fidel chart for English

   

         The classroom implement of silent way is probably made benefit and weakness. The benefit of silent way are student is more centered in the learning, teacher can scoring and to evaluate student’s activities, and student can express their abilities, such as in writing. Whereas, the weakness of this method is student might not understand about concept of learning and student might confuse to operate the silent way model.

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