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Native Variety, Natives Varieties, and Lingua Franca


        There are many types of English that peoples using at the moment, such as Malaysian English (MSe), Singaporean English, British English, India English, and other. The different of English is probably make variety, such as in pronunciation, word choose, and also structure of grammar. The factors that influence in variety of English are caused by gender, ages, ethnic, social living class, and also geographical where people is living. These varieties in English are recognize as native variety, natives varieties, and also lingua franca.

  • Native variety

       Native variety can define as a variety of English that spoken by English native speaker/ original English’s person. The characteristic of English native variety is people are using English as first language, and also they are using English as primary language to communicate each other. Countries that category as native are United States, Australia, and also British. The reasons why these countries are called native is because English had born, developed, and also had spread from this countries to the entire world.

  • Natives Varieties

      Natives varieties is varieties of English which spoken by peoples who are not category as native speaker. The procedure of native varieties occurs is when there is elaboration between English as foreign language and also local languages/ cultures in a country. The result of this elaboration may make a new usefulness of English, such as in pronunciation, word chosen, and also structure of grammar. The elaboration is also having weakness, such as English that people using will be English with local language/ dialect. Countries that using English as results of elaboration with local languages and cultures in the world are Malaysia, Singapore, and India.

Word

Standard English

Malaysian English

Parking Lot

Parking Garage

Parking Space

Flat

Apartment

Low Cost Apartment

Apartment

Flat

Medium- Cost Apartment

Source: Wikipedia

     From the table, there are differences between Standard English and Malaysian English, although it has illustrate same word.

  • Lingua Franca

 Lingua Franca is a process to uses English in different language background. Different language 

background it means spoken is not coming from same places and also they are speaks different languages each other. Lingua franca is not only practical for English, but also for other languages in the world, such as in Indonesia, India, Brazil, and other countries. For instances, Bahasa Indonesia is language that peoples using as national language. This language is present dissimilarity of Indonesian’s peoples to communicate with other Indonesian peoples, such as Javanese and Sudanese. In China, peoples are using Mandarin or Putonghua as national language that probably unity Chinese peoples who come from different Chinese’s dialect want to communicate with other.

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