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The Model of World Englishes, By Mori Manjusri


      The model of world Englishes is material that had presented by group 1 on May 22, 2013. There are 3 important classification of model of world Englishes, which English as Native Language (ENL), English as Second Language (ESL), and also English as Foreign Language (EFL).

       English as Native language (ENL) is English that has used spoken by peoples as major language. In this model, English is valuable as center of development and contribute language all over the world. The countries those categories in English as native language are United States, British, Australia, Canada, and New Zealand. The model of English as native language is called inner cycle.

     English as Second Language (ESL) is English that has used and spoken by peoples as second language, and it not primary language for this country. In this country, people who using English as second language and also first languages to communicate each other. Usually English in this country is benefitted as official language and formal activities, such as in the office, international market, and other. The model of English as second language is called outer cycle which Nigeria, Malaysia, Philippines, and India are the examples of English as Second Language’s country.

     English as Foreign Language (EFL) is English that has not spoken as primary or second language in a country. Usually the benefitted of English is restricted for students in the school, peoples in international market/ firm, and the higher education. The factors are student doesn’t having much opportunity and motivation to use English in their daily activities. The model of English as Foreign Language is called the expanding cycle. The countries which category into English as foreign language/ the expanding cycle are China, Indonesia, Japan, and Vietnam.

          Base on group 1 presentation, the writer can conclude that the usefulness of English in the world is category into 3 main models that are English as Native Language / the inner cycle, English as Second Language / the outer cycle and also English as Foreign Language/ the expanding cycle.

 

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